The biggest factor is that men dominate construction and manufacturing industries that have not recovered millions of jobs lost during the downturn. Women have made up a disproportionate share of workers in those that have been hiring retail, health care, restaurants and hotels.
The gap was evident in the August unemployment rates: 6.8 percent for women, 7.7 percent for men.
In August, 68 million women said they were employed, passing the 67.97 million who had jobs when the recession began in December 2007, the government said. Among men 76.2 million were employed last month, down from 78.3 million in December 2007.
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